What Is The Field Of Urology?

What Is The Field Of Urology?

male urinary tract diagramUrology is a medical field that mainly focuses on diseases involving the urinary tract and the male reproductive organ.

A urologist is what you’d call a professional who has studied in the field of urology.

They are primarily healthcare physicians who specialize in treating, diagnosing and detecting various health problems involving this particular area of the human physiology.

Urologists focus on diseases involving the following organs- the ureters, the bladder, the kidneys, the adrenal glands and the urethra.

For male patients, urologists take a look at the following organs- the seminal vesicles, the penis, the vas deferens, the epididymis, the testes and the prostrate.

As a whole, the field or urology studies the many concerns regarding conditions such as prostate enlargement and urinary tract infections.

It also takes a look at how these conditions may be managed in cases of stress incontinence, the presence of kidney stones, prostate cancer and bladder cancer.

In cases where cancer is involved, urologists usually partner up with other medical field experts like radiotherapists or oncologists.

If the kidneys are involved, urologists talk to a nephrologist because of their innate expertise in the field.

In dealing with problems of the female reproductive system, urologists can call up on the help of a gynecologist.

Other experts that could be called in to collaborate include pediatricians and endocrinologists regarding issues with one’s endocrine system and hormonal imbalances.

If you intend to study urology, then you’d better prepare to study the ins and outs for a long time.

Urologists will have to complete a 5-year post-graduate training program, gain experience in general surgery for 12 months and clinical urology for 36 months.

The remaining months can be used to study more general surgery, clinical urology or disciplines that are related to the urinary tract and male reproductive system.

Once you acquire a urology degree you can branch off into more specific specialties.

Pediatric Urology

x-ray of male organ

Some of the things urologists will be touching upon in pediatric urology include vesicoureteral reflux, underdeveloped genitalia, cryptorchidism and other genitourinary issues that children may face while growing up.


Specializing in the field of neurourology include managing conditions involving control over the genitourinary system.

Some of the most common health issues include abnormal urination.

Sometimes, neurological circumstances can lead to the development of neurourological conditions, i.e., spinal cord injuries, strokes, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease.

Urologic Oncology

nephrologist holding kidney

This field greatly focuses in on malignancies in the human organs, i.e., testicular cancer, ureters, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, the adrenal glands, kidney cancer and cancer of the penis.


Urologists can enter the field of endourology and deal with closed manipulation involving the urinary tract.

It has now grown to be minimally invasive, thanks to technological advancements over the recent years.

Endourology procedures include ureteral surgery, stone removal surgery and prostate surgery.


Andrology mainly deals with the male reproductive issues such as infertility, ejaculatory disorders, erectile dysfunction and procedures such as reversal of vasectomy and the like.

Now that you know what urology is and what a urologist does, it’s time to find out when you should see a urologist.

When Should You Visit A Urologist?

A urologist can help you when you’re experiencing the following health conditions:


Urinary tract infections happen when bacteria travels from the digestive tract up to the urethral area.

Individuals who are afflicted with UTIs have the following symptoms- incontinence, fever, vomiting, nausea, constant pain and abnormal urination.

UTIs are more likely to happen to women as compared to men.


Incontinence is a condition that makes you lose control of your bladder.

There are many reasons why this could happen.

It could be due to age, to pre-existing health conditions or loss of muscle control.

This happens to women after childbirth- their pelvic muscles get weak as they progress into the late stages of pregnancy.

Enlarged Prostate


Did you know that BPH, or benign prostatic hyperplasia affects 1 of 3 men as they reach the age of 50?

You may start experiencing difficulty peeing on command because there’s an excess of prostate gland cells causing your urethra to constrict.

Seeing a urologist can help alleviate the symptoms and treat the condition.

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are solidified acid salts and minerals that block the ureter area.

Individuals who suffer from kidney stones have great difficulty passing urine.

What’s more, they experience pain while peeing and often suffer from vomiting and nausea.

Erectile Dysfunction

Men who are suffering from erectile dysfunction often have more serious underlying health problems.

The penis is unable to become fully rigid in the prospect of having sex with a partner.

Male Infertility

Infertility in men can be caused by several reasons.

Sperm quality can affect motility, or some areas of the male reproductive system may be damaged.

lots of sperm swimming

A urologist can help come up with an exact diagnosis and the proper treatment for a speedy recovery.

The usual procedure when visiting a urologist will be a physical examination and probing questions regarding your medical history.

The urologist may also order follow-up tests in order to pinpoint the problem.

Ultrasound, MRI scans and CT scans can provide laser-like targeting.

They can also make use of a cystoscope, which is a long and thin probe equipped with a small camera.

This probe can be send down to your urinary tract in order to get a visual.

Sometimes, cystoscopes are used to take tiny tissue samples for testing purposes.

A simple urine test can be done to see if there’s bacteria lurking in your urinary tract.

A biopsy can be ordered to check for malignant cell growth or cancerous tumors.

A urologist may recommend the proper treatment following a thorough diagnosis.

Hormonal treatment is usually done in cases of prostate cancer.

UTIs, or infections are treated with antibiotics.

PDE5 inhibitors can be used to treat erectile dysfunction.

Chemotherapy is usually the prescribed treatment for cancer.

Moreover, surgery can be done to remove a kidney stone, relieve stress incontinence, remove a tumor in the prostate or bladder area or a part of a kidney.

Urologists can perform circumcisions and vasectomies as well for medical, religious or cultural reasons.